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Douglas-fir | Pseudotsuga menziesii

Oregon’s state tree is a large evergreen coniferous tree that grows over 200′ tall with dark brown furrowed bark. It produces bright orange buds and iconic cones with papery three-forked bracts which extend beyond scales. Can live over 1000 years.


Plant Details

HabitatsOak Woodland, Upland Prairie and Savanna, Riparian Forests, Bottomland Forests, Mixed Hardwood-Conifer Forest or Woodland
Habitat NotesThick bark enables it to survive moderate fire.
Years Planted at Arboretums2011, 1996
Mature Height200’+
Shade Preferencesun, part shade
Soil ToleranceGrows on all but wettest soils
Special UsesGrown for timber production; deer resistant