Evergreen shrub with dark, gray-green leathery egg-shaped foliage that grows to 12 ft tall and wide. Flowers appear in winter with male and female catkins on separate plants. The showy long, drooping clusters of greenish-white male flowers reach 6-12 in. long. Female plants produce less showy catkins but bear hairy fruits that turn from light green to dark purple and are eaten by birds.
|Habitats||Bottomland ForestsMixed Hardwood-Conifer Forest or Woodland|
|Habitat Notes||dry north-facing slopes and ridges, mixed evergreen forests and shaded valleys.|
|Mature Height||8-12 ft|
|Shade Preference||full sun, part shade|
|Soil Tolerance||Well drained, moist soil.|
|Special Uses||Drought tolerant.|